Belzer Law

  • Trial and Appellate Litigation Attorneys
    for Businesses and Individuals
  • (720) 817-3799
  • Boulder Office
    737 29th Street
    Suite 100A
    Boulder, CO 80303
  • Denver Office
    1301 Wazee Street,
    Suite 100A
    Denver, CO 80204

Understanding the Colorado Data Privacy Law

How can we help you?

Talk to our attorneys to discover the most effective options for your case.

Understanding the Colorado Data Privacy Law

In an increasingly interconnected world, data privacy has become a critical concern for individuals and businesses alike. Recognizing the need to safeguard personal information, the state of Colorado has taken a significant step forward by enacting the Colorado Privacy Act (CPA). This comprehensive legislation aims to provide consumers with greater control over their personal data and establish a framework for businesses to ensure responsible data handling practices. In this article, we will begin our multi-part examination of the new law by overviewing a few of the key points and provisions of the CPA as we begin to explore its implications for both consumers and businesses.

Consumer Rights and Protections

The Colorado Privacy Act grants individuals a range of rights designed to enhance their control over their personal data. One such right is the right to opt out of the processing of personal data for targeted advertising and the sale of personal data. This empowers consumers to make informed choices about the use and dissemination of their information.

Additionally, the CPA requires businesses to provide clear and concise privacy notices, informing consumers about the types of personal data collected, the purposes for which such data will be used, and the rights available to consumers. This transparency ensures that individuals have a comprehensive understanding of how their data is being handled

Obligations for Businesses

The CPA places significant responsibilities on businesses that handle personal data. It applies to organizations that conduct business in Colorado or target Colorado residents, processing the personal data of 100,000 or more consumers annually, or those businesses who process the personal data of 25,000 or more consumers and sell that data. These businesses must comply with the law’s requirements, ensuring that robust data privacy practices are in place.

One of the key obligations under the CPA is the requirement for businesses to conduct data protection assessments. These assessments evaluate the risks associated with the processing of personal data and ensure that appropriate safeguards are implemented to mitigate those risks. This proactive approach helps businesses identify and address potential vulnerabilities, bolstering overall data security.

The CPA also mandates the implementation of reasonable security measures to protect personal data from unauthorized access, disclosure, or destruction. By setting a standard for data protection, the law aims to minimize the risk of data breaches and the unauthorized use of personal information.

Enforcement and Compliance

To enforce the provisions of the CPA, the law grants the Colorado Attorney General and Colorado district attorneys the authority to bring actions against non-compliant businesses. In the event of a violation, penalties may be imposed, including injunctive relief and fines for each violation. 

Furthermore, until January 1, 2025, the CPA incorporates a 60-day cure period, allowing businesses to remedy any violations before facing enforcement actions. This approach encourages cooperation between businesses and regulatory authorities, facilitating compliance and encouraging responsible data handling practices.  After January 1, 2025, no notice and opportunity to cure will be provided to businesses. 

Comparison with Other Privacy Laws

The Colorado Privacy Act aligns with several key principles found in other privacy laws, such as the California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) and the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). These laws emphasize the importance of consumer rights, transparency, and accountability in data processing activities.

However, the CPA introduces some unique elements that set it apart from other privacy regulations. For instance, it includes data fiduciary obligations, requiring businesses to act in the best interests of the individuals whose data they handle. This fiduciary duty ensures that businesses prioritize the protection and privacy of consumer data, promoting trust and accountability.


The Colorado Privacy Act represents a significant advancement in data privacy legislation, providing individuals with robust rights and protections while imposing responsibilities on businesses to handle personal data responsibly. By empowering consumers to exercise control over their personal information and establishing clear guidelines for businesses, the CPA creates a more secure and transparent environment for data handling.

As businesses adapt to the requirements of the CPA, it is essential for them to invest in comprehensive data privacy programs that align with the law’s provisions. Compliance with the CPA not only ensures legal adherence but also builds trust with consumers, who are increasingly concerned.  

If your business handles personal data, the attorneys at Belzer Law can help you understand your new obligations under the CPA and advise you on compliance to help avoid violations and potential penalties. If you are a Colorado business, or a Colorado consumer, with questions or concerns about data privacy or compliance with the Colorado Privacy Act, contact us to learn more. 

Guiding you toward success at every step.

Experienced Advocates
Innovative Strategy

Talk to our attorneys to discover the most effective options for your case.

Get Started